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VIETNAM

the war to change all wars

1945

France loses control

Poverty, Famine, and Japan

France fights for control

The United States

Kennedy Takes Over

Vietnam

Vietnam

N

Ho Chi Minh

Communism

Viet Cong (in South)

Russia, China


S

Ngo Dinh Diem

United States & Allies

Republic



1963-1964

Vietnam Heats Up

Diem removed in South

Tonkin Gulf

Aug. 1964 Tonkin Gulf
US Attacked!

Johnson Orders Military Response

No concrete evidence of actual attack.

Cannot show uncertainty - NSA coverup.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution: more presidential power.

Airstrikes!

Operation Rolling Thunder

McNamara

The Ground War

Warning: The following photos are graphic.

These are the realities of war.

The Protests

"Hey! Hey! LBJ! How many kids did you kill today?"

46% supported the war in 1968

26% supported war policy

Kent State University

Protest, May 1970

Increasing frustration with war, police

National Guard fired Tear Gas to disperse students

Students throwing rocks (?)

Kent State Massacre

4 Students killed - Media firestorm

Further protests...

Nixon

Vietnamisation

Nixon's plan to slowly pull out American troops through a 'planned withdrawl'; put responsibility for war on Saigon in South Vietnam
The Phoenix Programme - find, kill NLF leaders

The End of the War

Troop withdrawl begins in 1969

By 1971, 66% of US troops left South Vietnam

1972 - provide equipment for South Vietnam

Ceasefire, 1973 - Us must stop support

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